The Norwegian Equality and Anti-Discrimination Ombud, established in 2006, is the institutional mechanism for the enforcement of the Gender Equality Act. In addition, the Ombud monitors the Norwegian implementation of the UN Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW).
While Norway has had a special Gender Equality Ombud since 1978, the new Ombud includes enforcement of laws related to other grounds of discrimination as well. The Ombud investigates incidents where alleged breaches of the law have taken place. Following investigations of complaints, the Ombud may then make a recommendation. The parties are not legally bound to comply with the recommendation, but they are normally accepted and followed.
If one party can not accept the Ombud’s recommendation, he or she can complain to the Equality and Anti-discrimination Tribunal. The tribunal can confirm or change the recommendations, and its rulings are legally binding.