Norway has ratified all the human rights treaties and international conference agreements which provide a legal foundation for ending gender discrimination and gender based rights violations. The Norwegian Parliament building (Stortinget) in Oslo. Photo: IStock by Getty Images.
The Norwegian Constitution is gender neutral in its formulation. It contains no explicit provisions on gender equality or prohibitions against gender discrimination. These areas are regulated by the Norwegian Equality and Anti-Discrimination Act. The Act came into force as the Gender Equality Act in 1979 and has subsequently been amended several times, most recently in 2020. Gender equality is also made explicit in other Norwegian acts and regulations.
Norway supports the promotion of gender equality internationally. Norway has ratified all the human rights treaties and international conference agreements which provide a legal foundation for ending gender discrimination and gender based rights violations. The most important convention is the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), adopted in 1979. Norway reports regularly to the CEDAW committee on the current situation concerning gender equality in the country, and on measures being implemented by the government for promoting gender equality. Being incorporated into the Human Rights Act, CEDAW takes precedence over other legislation in cases of conflict.
Also, the Council of Europe Convention on preventing and combating violence against women and domestic violence (Istanbul Convention) is a central part of the international gender equality regime and was ratified in Norway in 2017.