Gender statistics are statistics that adequately reflect the differences and inequalities in between women and men in all areas of life. Producing gender statistics entails disaggregating individual data by sex (and other characteristics) to reveal those differences or inequalities, and collecting data on specific issues that affect one sex more than the other or relate to gender relations between women and men. Gender statistics allow for a systematic evaluation of gender issues and of inequalities between women and men. The Beijing Platform for Action outlines the actions that Governments must take to mainstream a gender perspective into the work of national statistical systems and produce the requisite gender statistics.
Gender mainstreaming has been defined by the United Nations as “the process of assessing the implications for women and men of any planned action, including legislation, policies or programmes, in any area and at all levels. It is a strategy for making the concerns and experiences of women as well as of men an integral dimension of the design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of policies and programmes in all political, economic and societal spheres, so that women and men benefit equally and inequality is not perpetuated. The ultimate goal of mainstreaming is to achieve gender equality."