Facts & Figures

Picture of the opera building in Oslo with illustration of statistical graphs. Statistics illustrating differences between men and women are useful tools in achieving gender equality. Photo: iStock by Getty Images. 


Although Norway is considered to be one of the most gender equal countries in the world, statistics illustrates for example relative persistent gender differences in the labour market, both with regards to salaries and segregation in were men and women work. Statistics and analyses that reveal the similarities and differences between women and men in different areas of life are important tools in the work towards gender equality. 

Statistics Norway is the national statistical institute of Norway and the main producer of official statistics. Statistic Norway occasionally publish statistics that provides insights in what challenges still remain. Statistics Norway has launched a fact page that shows the development for Norway within selected areas of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG), and SDG number 5 about Gender Equality is one of them. 

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The Figures Speak for themselves

The survey shows gender disparities in leading roles (directors, script-writers and producers) and the distribution of funding - women held 18 percent of key positions as directors, producers and writers in films that received support in the years between 2002 and 2006, and women received 28 percent of the support given to manuscript development.

Read more at The Norwegian Ministry of Children and Equality / The Norwegian Ministry of Culture and Church Affairs (PDF)

How is the time of women and men distributed in Europe?

Although patterns of time use are generally quite similar throughout Europe, some interesting differences can be observed between women and men and between the countries surveyed. On average, women aged 20 to 74 spend much more time than men on domestic work, ranging from less than 50% more in Sweden to over 200% more in Italy and Spain. Women spend most time doing domestic work in Italy, Estonia, Slovenia, Hungary and Spain, around 5 hours or more per day. The lowest figures are found in Sweden, Norway, Finland and Latvia - less than 4 hours per day.

Read more at Office for Official Publications of the European Communities / UNECE

Facts on immigrants and their descendants 2007

The main author of this publication is Gunnlaug Daugstad, with significant contributions from Bjørn Olsen, Mads Ivar Kirkeberg, Vebjørn Aalandslid, Svein Blom, Lars Østby and Natasza P. Sandbu. The entire data basis for this publication has been taken from Statistics Norway: Population statistics, Education statistics, Labour market statistics, Income statistics, Election statistics and data from attitude surveys.

Read more at Statistics Norway (PDF)

Gender differences in environmental related behaviour

This report shows that women generally have a more positive attitude to environmental measures than men. These attitudes are not, however, reflected in their actions. Men and women have relatively similar behaviour in relation to recirculation, organic food and water-saving and energy saving, although men drive more cars than women.

Read more at Statistics Norway

Military women : the achilles heel in defence politics?

Since April 2008, the Norwegian Defence Research Establishment (FFI) has carried out a research project amongst enrolled cohorts. An important goal has been to identify the necessary measures to increase the share of women in the Norwegian Armed Forces. Findings from the first five years of the research was published in Norwegian in 2013. Now, the anthology is translated to English.

Read more at Kilden Information Centre for Gender Research in Norway


Still decline in fertility


A total of 54 500 children were born in Norway in 2019, 600 fewer than in 2018. This gives a total fertility rate for women of 1.53 and is the lowest rate ever registered. Fertility has thus decreased by almost half a child per woman in the last decade, according to Statistics Norway. 

Read more at ssb.no

Decline in fertility



A total of 55 100 children were born in Norway in 2018, which is 1 500 fewer than 2017. This gives a total fertility rate (TFR) for women of 1.56.

Read more at Statistics Norway.

Decline in fertility for immigrant women



In 2018, the total fertility rate (TFR) for immigrant women was 1.87 per woman - the lowest ever. The fertility rate for all women in Norway was 1.56.

Read more at Statistics Norway.

Education gap widens


The gender gap in education is widening every year. In many Norwegian municipalities the proportion of highly educated women is more than twice as large as the proportion of men.

Read more at Statistics Norway.

Nordic Countries Top The World Economic Forum's Gender Gap Index


The five Nordic countries, which also perform consistently well in the World Economic Forum’s competitiveness rankings, all continue to hold a place among the top 10, with Sweden (1), Norway (2), Finland (3), Iceland (4) and Denmark (8) in the same positions as last year.

Read more at World Economic Forum

Unequal distribution of part-time work and family responsibilities in the Nordic countries


In the Nordic countries, part-time work is much more common among women than men. This affects both the gender equality in the labour market and the economic opportunities available to women and men.

Read more at Nordic Information on Gender (NIKK)