Health & Reproductive Rights > Legislation > National Legislation
The Gender Equality Act
The Act relating to Gender Equality (the Gender Equality Act) was adopted by the parliament in 1978. The Act shall promote gender equality and aims in particular at improving the position of women. Women and men shall be given equal opportunities in education, employment and cultural and professional advancement. The law is based on the principle of non-discrimination, which is the cornerstone and basis for promoting gender equality. The Act was revised in 2013, but has not been translated to English.
The Sexual Orientation Anti-Discrimination Act
The Act relating to a prohibition against discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation, gender identity and gender expression (the Sexual Orientation Anti-Discrimination Act) entered into force on 1 January 2014. It applies to all areas of society apart from family life and the private sphere.
Origin date: 2013
The rights of parents of small children
This booklet explains the statutory rights of parents in relation to pregnancy, birth and adoption and when the children are small.
Origin date: 2007
The Abortion Act
Women’s right to choose an abortion is regulated by The Act Relating to the Termination of Pregnancy of 1975. When the act was introduced, the woman had to fill out an application, then a committee of doctors decided if an abortion could be granted or not. In 1978 women themselves were granted the right to decide whether to terminate their pregnancies or not. This right is limited in time, and is valid until the end of the twelfth week of the pregnancy.
Origin date: 1975