Information and Resources on Gender Equality and Gender Research in Norway

Crime & Violence > Legislation > International Treaties & Agreements
Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings
The Convention is a comprehensive treaty mainly focussed on the protection of victims of trafficking and the safeguard of their rights. It also aims at preventing trafficking as well as prosecuting traffickers. The Convention applies to all forms of trafficking; whether national or transnational, whether or not related to organised crime. It applies whoever the victim: women, men or children and whatever the form of exploitation: sexual exploitation, forced labour or services, etc. The Convention provides for the setting up of an independent monitoring mechanism guaranteeing parties' compliance with its provisions. Norway signed the Convention 16 May 2005.
Origin date: 2005
UN Special Rapporteur on trafficking
The former UN Commission on Human Rights adopted decision 2004/110, by which it decided to appoint, for a three-year period, a Special Rapporteur on trafficking in persons, especially women and children, to focus on the human rights aspects of the victims of trafficking in persons. In the same decision, the Commission invited the Special Rapporteur to submit annual reports to the Commission together with recommendations on measures required to uphold and protect the human rights of the victims.
Origin date: 2004
Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime
Adopted and opened for signature, ratification and accession by General Assembly resolution 55/25 of 15 November 2000. The Protocol is intended to "prevent and combat" trafficking in persons and facilitate international cooperation against such trafficking. It provides for criminal offences, control and cooperation measures against traffickers. It also provides some measures to protect and assist the victims.

Norway ratified the Protocol in September 2003. In this connection, the Storting (Parliament) adopted an updated provision on trafficking in persons (section 224 of the General Civil Penal Code).
Origin date: 2000
Trafficking in Human Beings
Norway has ratified The United Nations Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime and its two supplementary Protocols that were signed in Palermo, Italy, in December 2000. The Trafficking Protocol recognizes the need for a combined approach that integrates effective prevention of trafficking with the prosecution of traffickers and the protection of human rights and the provision of assistance to victims of trafficking.
Origin date: 2000
UN Special Rapporteur on violence against women, its causes and consequences
The former UN Commission on Human Rights in resolution 1994/45, adopted on 4 March 1994, decided to appoint a Special Rapporteur on violence against women, including its causes and consequences. This was the first investigatory procedure with a mandate specifically concerning women. The Special Rapporteur has a mandate to collect and analyse comprehensive data, and to recommend measures aimed at eliminating violence against women at the international, regional and national levels.
Origin date: 1994
Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women
Proclaimed by UN General Assembly resolution 48/104 of 20 December 1993. All states parties, in accordance with national legislation, should prevent, investigate and punish acts of violence against women, whether perpetrated by the state or private persons.
Origin date: 1993
The Convention on the Rights of the Child
Adopted and opened for signature, ratification and accession by UN General Assembly resolution 44/25 of 20 November, 1989, into force on 2 September, 1990, in accordance with article 49. The convention extends the prohibition on sex-based discrimination to all the rights set forth therein. A number of the articles in this Convention are also of special relevance to the girl-child.
Origin date: 1989
Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Persons and of the Exploitation of the Prostitution of Others (1949)
Approved by General Assembly resolution 317 (IV) of 2 December 1949. Entry into force: 25 July 1951.
Origin date: 1949
Istanbul Convention
The Council of Europe Convention on preventing and combating violence against women and domestic violence (Istanbul Convention) entered into force 1 August 2014. It opens the path for creating a legal framework at pan-European level to protect women against all forms of violence, and prevent, prosecute and eliminate violence against women and domestic violence. The Convention also establishes a specific monitoring mechanism in order to ensure effective implementation of its provisions.
Origin date: 2014