Education & Research > Legislation > National Legislation
The Gender Equality Act
The Act relating to Gender Equality (the Gender Equality Act) was adopted by the parliament in 1978. The Act shall promote gender equality and aims in particular at improving the position of women. Women and men shall be given equal opportunities in education, employment and cultural and professional advancement. The law is based on the principle of non-discrimination, which is the cornerstone and basis for promoting gender equality. The Act was revised in 2013, but has not been translated to English.
Act on an introductory programme and Norwegian language instruction for newly arrived immigrants (The Introduction Act)
An individually adapted introductory programme for newly arrived immigrants provides basic skills in Norwegian and gives insight into Norwegian society. According to the preparatory notes to this law, it shall aim at providing the necessary conditions that will enable women to take part in work life. Economic support is provided on an individual basis, and this measure also stresses the importance of women’s economic independence. Completion of the programme may in the long run affect an application for citizenship.
Origin date: 2005
Gender Equality in Education
Gender equality features as an integral part of the Act on Education, within the general part of the curriculum, as well as within/ the different aspects of the education curricula.
Origin date: 2013
The right to education
All girls and boys have an equal right to education, regardless of social and cultural background, or special needs. Compulsory education lasts until the pupil has completed the tenth year of schooling. Young people who have completed the primary and lower secondary school or equivalent tuition have, on application, the right to three years' full-time upper secondary education.
Origin date: 2000
Act relating to universities and university colleges – regarding appointments and boards of appointment
The advertising and the filling of teaching and research positions are regulated by section 6-3: "If one sex is clearly under-represented in the category of post in the subject area in question, applications from members of that sex shall be specifically invited." For universities and university colleges, section 6-3 (3) says that: "When an expert assessment is conducted, both sexes shall be represented among the experts." Equally, the question of gender equality must be considered when hiring. Section 44 h says "that the learning environment is well adapted for students of both sexes."
Origin date: 2005